The White House, lawmakers from both parties, and federal agencies are all working on bills or projects to constrain potential downsides of the tech.
Law enforcement officials say the tool can help them combat misinformation. Civil liberties advocates say it can be used for mass surveillance.
Chinese entrants swept all five categories, featuring technologies to improve civic life. But the advances could also be tools for surveillance.
The measure would make private use of the technology illegal, but would not apply to police. It awaits the mayor’s signature.